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Paul Welch PhD, Anthropology Chair at Southern Illinois University Carbondale, will present his lecture on fluorite and Kincaid Mounds.

Kincaid, contemporary with Cahokia, is a large, multi-mound palisaded town on the Ohio River opposite Paducah, KY. Excavations by SIUC in Kincaid’s Fluorite Workshop area in 2015 and 2016 exposed parts of two buildings where fluorite was fashioned into beads. Fluorite is a crystalline mineral with major sources in southern Illinois.

In addition to being used for beads and figurines, fluorite was also used elsewhere at Kincaid and other sites in southernmost Illinois as a means of consecrating large public buildings.